Five Eternal Gifts from God - Faith 7
And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience—among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved—and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. (Ephesians 2:1-10 ESV)
Three important aspects of salvation are explained in the latter part of Ephesians 2. We have previously noted the gift of God’s grace in vs. 1-7 as the basis or motivation by God to save sinners. In vs. 8-9 we not only see God’s grace as the sole motivation unto salvation but also God given faith as the sole or only means by which God’s saving grace, and its corresponding results, are applied to the sinner.
First, justification/salvation by God is by grace alone. Ephesians 2:8a. “For by grace you have been saved...”
Second, justification/salvation by God is by grace alone through faith alone. Ephesians 2:8b-9. “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.”
Faith is the gift of God (θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον). The name “God” is also in the Genitive case. This means that within the context, faith does not belong to sinners independently, but rather belongs solely to God. The word gift is in the Nominative case. It literally means a present or an offering box. The Nominative case points to the subject of the sentence; which is faith.
Faith comes solely from God. It never originates within the sinner. Anyone who believes otherwise is misinterpreting the biblical text: not just this text but others also.